Obesity is a complex condition caused by an excessive amount of body fat. Being overweight or obese means your body weight is considered higher than what is healthy for your height.
An unhealthy weight can lead to several obesity-related health problems, many of which can be life-threatening. It can also contribute to joint pain and diminish quality of life by limiting the ability to participate in enjoyable activities.
The health risks of obesity include:
- Heart disease and strokes
- High blood pressure
- Sleep apnea
- Digestive problems
- Back and joint pain
There are many reasons why some people struggle with obesity. Usually, obesity results from a combination of inherited factors, lifestyle, and personal diet and exercise choices.
Factors contributing to obesity include:
- Unhealthy eating habits
- Some medications
- Depression or mental health problems
- Genetics and family history
- Age and hormonal changes
- Certain diseases such as hypothyroidism
Weight loss can improve or prevent the health problems associated with obesity. Dietary changes, increased physical activity and lifestyle changes can help you lose weight. Prescription medications and surgical weight loss procedures are additional options for treating obesity.
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