Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin. The insulin is needed for glucose, or sugar, to enter cells and produce energy. When glucose is not absorbed into the cells it builds up in the bloodstream, causing high blood sugar levels. These high blood sugar levels cause the signs and symptoms of Type 1 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes typically is diagnosed under the age of 30, with the incidence rate highest in children ages 12-14. There is no cure for Type 1 diabetes, but it can be managed by keeping blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible.
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