A 2020 TOP DOC
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Doctors of The Lung Center at Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore, Maryland, provide clinical expertise in treating a wide-range of respiratory conditions, including HIV-related lung disorders. The Center works in tandem with a multidisciplinary team of physicians to create an optimal treatment plan for each patient.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that produces AIDS, also known as Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. HIV affects certain cells in the body, especially the T-cell, a white blood cell that protects the immune system from disease. HIV weakens the immune system and often affects the lungs, making the lungs susceptible to pulmonary diseases and opportunistic infections. Opportunistic infections take advantage of a weakened immune system.
The most common HIV-related lung disorders may include:
One of the greatest challenges in treating HIV-related lung disorders is early diagnosis. Since the immune system is compromised, it is important to contact the doctor and report symptoms early and often. Because of the complexity of HIV-related lung disorders, it is sometimes necessary to involve a lung specialist, also known as a pulmonologist, in treatment. HIV-related lung disorder symptoms may include:
Other related symptoms can include:
Diagnosing HIV-related lung disorders requires a full medical history and a physical exam. The physical exam will focus on the chest and include the following tests:
For most HIV-related lung disorders, the doctor will treat with antibiotic medications. For non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma or Kaposi’s sarcoma, chemotherapy may be needed. The most effective treatment to help prevent HIV-related lung disorders and to prevent opportunistic infections is HAART (Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy). HAART can help reduce the amount of HIV in the body as well as help restore the immune system.
In addition to HAART, it is important to eat nutritious meals, get plenty of rest and discontinue smoking and the use of illegal substances.
The Lung Center at Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore, Maryland, offers highly skilled physician expertise for the diagnosis of a broad spectrum of lung disorders, including COPD, lung cancer and sleep disorders. Our expert pulmonologists are among the best lung disease specialists in the Mid-Atlantic region, offering advanced treatments for lung conditions.
A 2020 TOP DOC
Dr. Albert Polito, Chief of Pulmonary Medicine, helps patients with lung problems including COPD, lung cancer, interstitial lung disease and sleep disorders.
An avid fencer takes on asthma with the help of Mercy's Dr. Polito.