Cervical spine disease is comprised of a group of conditions that affect the spinal column. The cervical spine are the first seven vertebrae known as C1-7. It provides the mobility and stability to the head while shielding the spinal cord and nerve roots. The cervical spine is supported by discs, facet joints and ligaments.
All of these structures have nerve endings that detect painful problems, and are subject to repetitive injury and degeneration due to aging, stress, trauma and daily activities.
Types of Cervical Spine Disease
Cervical spine disease can include:
- Cervical radiculopathy
- Cervical spine stenosis
Cervical radiculopathy, also referred to as a “pinched nerve,” occurs when a nerve root is pinched by a herniated disc or bone spurs as it leaves the spinal canal. When the nerve is pinched it causes pain, numbness, tingling and weakness in the neck.
There are different causes for cervical radiculopathy or a pinched nerve such as herniated disc and degenerative disc along with bone spurs, arthritis or injuries that place pressure on the nerve roots.
Cervical Spinal Stenosis
Cervical spinal stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal canal in the neck. This spinal condition occurs due to disc degeneration in the cervical spine and causes spinal stenosis, an abnormal narrowing.
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