Urinary incontinence can be caused by everyday habits, physical issues or medical conditions. Stress incontinence is a result of weak muscles in the lower urinary tract. For women, pregnancy, childbirth, weight gain and menopause are contributing reasons for weakened muscles. Urinary incontinence can also result from damage or problems in the urinary tract or in the nerves that control urination.
An overactive bladder can cause urge incontinence and it may be due to an irritation of the bladder, emotional stress or other medical conditions like a stroke or Parkinson’s disease. In all cases, the release of urine is the primary symptom.
To help diagnose urinary incontinence, our doctors may request a blood test or urinalysis to check for infection, chemicals and signs related to causes of incontinence. Patients may also be asked to record liquid intake, urination frequency, amount of urine, urge to urinate and frequency of leakage over a few days to help discover patterns in urine loss.
If these simple tests indicate something more serious, other tests may be performed including:
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- A PVR measurement
- An ultrasound
- Stress test
- Urodynamic testing