Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is a cancer that forms malignant tumors in the lining of the stomach. The most common type of gastric cancer is adenocarcinoma. Lymphoma, the other type of stomach cancer, occurs within the blood vessels, fat and muscles of the stomach.
If diagnosed early, stomach cancer may be curable. However, most often, it is found in a late stage and the prognosis is poor.
What are the risks factors of stomach (gastric) cancer?
Men are more at risk than women of getting stomach cancer. If you have a family history of gastric cancer, your risk is doubled. Other risk factors associated with stomach cancer include:
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- African American or Asian descent
- Geographic location
- Diets low in fruits and vegetables
- Abuse of alcohol and tobacco
- Blood type A
- Chronic health conditions (gastritis, gastric polyps)
- H pylori infection of the stomach
- Pernicious anemia