Head and neck cancer consists of malignant or cancerous tumors of the throat, larynx or voice box, nose, sinuses, mouth and lymph nodes in the neck. Another uncommon head and neck cancer can occur in the salivary glands. Head and neck cancer usually begins in the moist tissues or the squamous cells in the mouth, nose and throat.
What Are The Causes and Risk Factors of Head and Neck Cancer?
The two most common causes of head and neck cancer are the use of alcohol and the use of tobacco (smoking and smokeless or chewing tobacco, also known as “snuff”). Other risk factors for head and neck cancer may include:
- Human papillomavirus or HPV
- Eating lots of salted or preserved foods
- Poor oral hygiene
- Workplace exposure to certain airborne fibers, dust and chemicals
- Radiation exposure
Types of Head and Neck Cancer:
Like many cancers, head and neck cancers are classified by the region in which the cancer begins. Head and neck cancer is found in various regions of the head and neck including:
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- Oral cavity
- Sinus and naval cavity
- Salivary glands