Appendiceal cancer, also known as appendix cancer, is considered a rare cancer. Appendix cancer is found in the gastrointestinal (GI) system or the digestive system. It is often discovered during a computerized tomography (CT) scan or during surgery for an unrelated condition. Appendix tumors can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous) and are classified by the types of cells in the tumor.
Appendiceal (Appendix) Cancer Types
There are several types of appendiceal cancer. The most common types include:
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- Carcinoid tumors – small tumors that can be treated successfully and are found more often found in women around the age of 40
- Non-carcinoid tumors – found inside the appendix and produces mucin, a “jelly” like substance, that tends to spread
- Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) – tumor cells that create a mucinous substance and may spread over time to other organs within the abdominal cavity
- Adenocarcinoid tumors – are similar to carcinoid tumors and are often found in patients that are over 50 years old