Colon Polyps Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment by Top Rated Doctors at Mercy

The Institute for Digestive Health and Liver Disease at Mercy - Baltimore, MD

Colon polyps can be detected through a regular colon cancer screening. At The Center for Inflammatory Bowel and Colorectal Diseases at Mercy, our doctors focus on providing colon cancer screenings for early detection of colon polyps. Our doctors are recognized in the Baltimore region for their expertise in removing colon polyps and treating patients with colorectal diseases. 

About the Condition

Colon polyps are growths in the large intestine, also referred to as the colon. It is unknown what triggers cells to grow abnormally in the colon causing polyps to form. Most colon polyps are not cancerous, or malignant, although some can turn into cancer. Because polyps grow slowly, it is important to have a regular colon cancer screening to detect and remove colon polyps before they develop into colon cancer. Polyps commonly occur in adults who are 50 years or older, overweight, smoke, or have a family history. People with an inflammatory bowel disease, such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, are at a higher risk for colon polyps to develop.

NEXT: Symptoms & Diagnostic Process ›
Symptoms & Diagnostic Process

Generally there are no symptoms associated with colon polyps. However, there are certain symptoms that can indicate digestive problems and should not be ignored. It is important to see a doctor specializing in digestive diseases if any of the following occur:

  • Rectal bleeding
  • Blood in stool
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea

To diagnose the presence of colon polyps, a colonoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy, or chromoendoscopy can be performed.

NEXT: Treatment Options ›
Treatment Options

Most colon polyps can be removed during a colonoscopy. If the polyps are too large, an endoscopic mucosal resection, a specialized procedure used to remove large polyps through a colonoscope, may be a treatment option. Other treatment options include laparoscopic surgery to remove the polyps or surgery to remove the colon and/or rectum.