The most common symptom of a peptic ulcer is abdominal pain, or stomach pain. Often it is a burning pain. Other symptoms of a peptic ulcer include:
- Vomiting and nausea
- Vomiting blood
- A bloody stool or dark stool
- Weight loss
A bacterial infection, including Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), and some medications can cause a peptic ulcer to develop. Regular use of pain relievers, smoking, and excessive alcohol use are contributing factors to the formation of a peptic ulcer.
An upper gastrointestinal tract X-ray, or Barium Swallow test, is used to diagnose a peptic ulcer. If there are signs of bleeding, an endoscopy will be performed to detect if a peptic ulcer is present in the digestive tract.
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