Osteoarthritis Diagnosed & Treated by Top Orthopedic Doctors

Orthopedics and Joint Replacement at Mercy - Baltimore

The orthopedic specialists at Orthopedics and Joint Replacement at Mercy provide expertise in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Patients in the Baltimore region turn to our orthopedic specialists at Mercy to help relieve pain in their knees, hips, shoulder or hands due to osteoarthritis. 

About the Condition

Osteoarthritis, the most common form of arthritis, is the destruction of the articular cartilage, or protective covering of the bone, in a joint. The cartilage cushions the bones as they move to provide smooth motion of the bones. Cartilage can wear down over time causing the cartilage to become rough and the bones to begin to rub against each other. 

Osteoarthritis can be the result of trauma or infection, but also can develop as a result of age, being overweight or performing repetitive actions. Women tend to be more prone to osteoarthritis. 

NEXT: Symptoms & Diagnostic Process ›
Symptoms & Diagnostic Process

Symptoms of osteoarthritis include:

  • Pain
  • Tenderness
  • Stiffness
  • Decrease in motion

Orthopedic specialists diagnose osteoarthritis by conducting a physical exam to check for swelling and range of motion in the painful joint. X-rays and MRIs may be performed to view the extent of cartilage damage.

NEXT: Treatment Options ›
Treatment Options

Treatment options for osteoarthritis include:

  • Anti-inflammatory medications
  • Weight loss
  • Activity modification
  • Non-impact exercises
  • Bracing
  • Corticosteroid injections

When non-surgical treatments have not relieved the symptoms of osteoarthritis, the best treatment options are either a partial or total joint replacement.

Meet Our Doctors: Orthopedics and Joint Replacement
Orthopedics and Joint Replacement at Mercy - Baltimore
Joseph Ciotola, M.D.

A 2017 TOP DOC
Dr. Joseph Ciotola is a top rated orthopedic surgeon with expertise in anterior hip replacement makes him one of the most sought-after orthopedic surgeons in the Baltimore region for hip replacement.

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Patient Story:
Orthopedics and Joint Replacement at Mercy - Baltimore

A Mercy patient tells of her experience with a total knee replacement - one that went so well she later returned to Mercy to have the other knee replaced as well.

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