Osteoarthritis Diagnosed & Treated by Top Orthopedic Doctors

Orthopedics and Joint Replacement at Mercy - Baltimore

The orthopedic specialists at Orthopedics and Joint Replacement at Mercy provide expertise in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Patients in the Baltimore region turn to our orthopedic specialists at Mercy to help relieve pain in their knees, hips, shoulder or hands due to osteoarthritis. 

About the Condition

Osteoarthritis, the most common form of arthritis, is the destruction of the articular cartilage, or protective covering of the bone, in a joint. The cartilage cushions the bones as they move to provide smooth motion of the bones. Cartilage can wear down over time causing the cartilage to become rough and the bones to begin to rub against each other. 

Osteoarthritis can be the result of trauma or infection, but also can develop as a result of age, being overweight or performing repetitive actions. Women tend to be more prone to osteoarthritis. 

NEXT: Symptoms & Diagnostic Process ›
Symptoms & Diagnostic Process

Symptoms of osteoarthritis include:

  • Pain
  • Tenderness
  • Stiffness
  • Decrease in motion

Orthopedic specialists diagnose osteoarthritis by conducting a physical exam to check for swelling and range of motion in the painful joint. X-rays and MRIs may be performed to view the extent of cartilage damage.

NEXT: Treatment Options ›
Treatment Options

Treatment options for osteoarthritis include:

  • Anti-inflammatory medications
  • Weight loss
  • Activity modification
  • Non-impact exercises
  • Bracing
  • Corticosteroid injections

When non-surgical treatments have not relieved the symptoms of osteoarthritis, orthopedic surgeons may recommend knee replacement surgery. Mercy's orthopedic surgeons are proud to offer MAKOplasty® partial knee resurfacing and MAKOplasty total knee replacement.

NEXT: Patient Stories ›
Patient Stories
Orthopedics and Joint Replacement at Mercy - Baltimore, MD


Mercy patient Linda explains the struggles she endured prior to hip surgery and the new life she encountered after getting her new hip through an advanced, minimally invasive hip replacement procedure.

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