Mercy's Dr. Matilda Hagan and Registered Dietitian Leigh Tracy Discuss Gluten Sensitivity
Celiac Disease VS. Gluten Sensitivity
There are a lot of people choosing to eat a gluten-free diet. For some, it's because they have a gluten sensitivity, and others have celiac disease. So what's the difference?
According to Mercy gastroenterologist Dr. Matilda Hagan of The Institute for Digestive Health & Liver Disease at Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore, MD, there is a big difference between gluten sensitivity and celiac disease, which is a condition that involves the immune system.
"The body, specifically the immune system, recognizes wheat protein, called glutenin, as something that it does not like, and it specifically creates antibodies against that protein," Dr. Hagan said.
Gluten sensitivity does not involve the immune system. It's simply an intolerance and is much less serious. But patients with either condition should avoid gluten, which is a protein in wheat that helps to give products or food its shape.
"Gluten is in a lot of products, and some things we don't realize have gluten. We really need to be mindful, but nowadays, there are a lot of products that are taking gluten out, which has made it easier compared to, say, 10 years ago," Mercy Medical Center registered dietician Leigh Tracy, RD, LDN, CDE, said.
According to Tracy, there are some products that are gluten-free, and just because a food is a grain doesn't necessarily mean it contains gluten. For example, Twizzlers and Pringles are products you may not expect contain gluten, but they do.
Consuming gluten can cause temporary discomfort for someone with sensitivity, but over time can lead to serious complications for those with celiac disease. The bottom line is to always check the label.
View Mercy gastroenterologist Dr. Matilda Hagan and Mercy dietitian Leigh Tracy’s interviews regarding Celiac Disease versus Gluten Sensitivity.
Founded in 1874 in downtown Baltimore by the Sisters of Mercy, Mercy Medical Center is a 183-licensed bed acute care university-affiliated teaching hospital. Mercy has been recognized as a top Maryland hospital by U.S. News & World Report; a Top 100 hospital for Women’s Health & Orthopedics by Healthgrades; is currently A-rated for Hospital Safety (Leapfrog Group), and is recognized by the American Nurses Credentialing Center as a Magnet Hospital. Mercy Medical Center is part of Mercy Health Services (MHS), the parent of Mercy’s primary care and specialty care physician enterprise, known as Mercy Personal Physicians, which employs more than 200 providers with locations in Baltimore, Lutherville, Overlea, Glen Burnie, Columbia and Reisterstown. For more information about Mercy, visit www.mdmercy.com, MDMercyMedia on Facebook, Twitter, or call 1-800-MD-Mercy.