Teresa P. Diaz-Montes, M.D., MPH, FACOG, Associate Director of The Lya Segall Ovarian Cancer Institute, Offers Insights into Ovarian Cysts
What are some symptoms of ovarian cysts that women should watch out for?
Not all ovarian cysts cause symptoms. It is very normal for woman to have cysts that develop and resolve without any intervention. Symptoms could be related to location and size of the cyst. Some woman may experience pelvic pain, pain during the menstrual periods, pain during intercourse, back pain, pain while moving their bowels, pelvic pressure, sensation of fullness, abdominal distention, pressure in the bladder, frequent urination, nausea or vomiting.
How do cysts affect fertility?
Not all ovarian cysts affect fertility. Some of the ovarian cysts that can affect fertility include endometriomas or cysts related to polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Endometriomas are related to endometriosis. Endometriosis can cause fertility problems due to scar tissue formation. PCOS is associated with irregular periods and high levels of androgenic hormones. This can affect ovulation affecting possibility of getting pregnant.
What are some preventative things that women can do?
Not all ovarian cysts can be prevented. Functional ovarian cysts, those associated with ovulation, can be prevented; ask your doctor about the best form of treatment.
--Teresa P. Diaz-Montes, M.D., MPH, FACOG
Dr. Diaz-Montes is a noted expert and gynecologic oncologist with The Gynecologic Oncology Center at Mercy, a leading Center in Baltimore for the treatment of cancers of the female reproductive tract. Dr. Teresa Diaz-Montes provides diagnosis and treatment for gynecologic cancers including ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, uterine cancer, vaginal cancer and vulvar cancer.
Founded in 1874 in downtown Baltimore by the Sisters of Mercy, Mercy Medical Center is a 183-licensed bed acute care university-affiliated teaching hospital. Mercy has been recognized as a top Maryland hospital by U.S. News & World Report; a Top 100 hospital for Women’s Health & Orthopedics by Healthgrades; is currently A-rated for Hospital Safety (Leapfrog Group), and is recognized by the American Nurses Credentialing Center as a Magnet Hospital. Mercy Medical Center is part of Mercy Health Services (MHS), the parent of Mercy’s primary care and specialty care physician enterprise, known as Mercy Personal Physicians, which employs more than 200 providers with locations in Baltimore, Lutherville, Overlea, Glen Burnie, Columbia and Reisterstown. For more information about Mercy, visit www.mdmercy.com, MDMercyMedia on Facebook, Twitter, or call 1-800-MD-Mercy.
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